Conversion tables

conversions

I hope this helps make your life easier the next time you are reading a recipe 🙂

Baking temperatures conversion table

Fahrenheit Setting Celsius Setting Gas Setting
300◦F 150 Gas Mark 2 (very low)
325 160 Gas Mark 3 (low)
350 180 Gas Mark 4 (moderate)
375 190 Gas Mark 5 (moderate)
400 200 Gas Mark 6 (hot)
425 220 Gas Mark 7 (hot)
450 230 Gas 8 (very hot)
475 240 Gas Mark 9 (very hot)
500 260 Gas Mark 10 (extremely hot)
Broil Broil Grill

Liquid and dry ingredients conversion tables

Liquid (Fluid or Volume) Measurements (approximate):

1 teaspoon

1/3 tablespoon

5 ml

1 tablespoon

1/2 fluid ounce

3 teaspoons

15 ml, 15 cc

2 tablespoons

1 fluid ounce

1/8 cup, 6 teaspoons

30 ml, 30 cc

1/4 cup

2 fluid ounces

4 tablespoons

59 ml

1/3 cup

2 2/3 fluid ounces

5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon

79 ml

1/2 cup

4 fluid ounces

8 tablespoons

118 ml

2/3 cup

5 1/3 fluid ounces

10 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons

158 ml

3/4 cup

6 fluid ounces

12 tablespoons

177 ml

7/8 cup

7 fluid ounces

14 tablespoons

207 ml

1 cup

8 fluid ounces/ 1/2 pint

16 tablespoons

237 ml

2 cups

16 fluid ounces/ 1 pint

32 tablespoons

473 ml

4 cups

32 fluid ounces

1 quart

946 ml

1 pint

16 fluid ounces/ 1 pint

32 tablespoons

473 ml

2 pints

32 fluid ounces

1 quart

946 ml,  0.946 liters

8 pints

1 gallon/ 128 fluid ounces

3785 ml,  3.78 liters

4 quarts

1 gallon/ 128 fluid ounces

3785 ml,  3.78 liters

1 liter

1.057 quarts

1000 ml

1 gallon

128 fluid ounces

3785 ml,  3.78 liters

Dry (Weight) Measurements (approximate):

1 ounce

30 grams  (28.35 g)

2 ounces

55 grams

3 ounces

85 grams

4 ounces

1/4 pound

125 grams

8 ounces

1/2 pound

240 grams

12 ounces

3/4 pound

375 grams

16 ounces

1 pound

454 grams

32 ounces

2 pounds

907 grams

1 kilogram

2.2 pounds/ 35.2 ounces

1000 gram

Temperature Conversion:

Fahrenheit to Celsius:

Celsius to Fahrenheit:

Subtract 32
Multiply by 5
Divide by 9

Multiply by 9
Divide by 5
Add 32

A note about kitchen measurements:
Not all tablespoons are the same. The Australian tablespoon is 20 ml; the British tablespoon is 17.7 ml. In most Canadian recipes, the tablespoon is 15 ml., while the American tablespoon is 14.2 ml.
In British, Australian and sometimes Canadian recipes, the “imperial pint”  is used which is 20 fluid ounces. American and sometimes Canadian recipes use the American pint of 16 fluid ounces.

 Dry Measure Equivalents

 3 teaspoons  1 tablespoon  1/2 ounce  14.3 grams
 2 tablespoons 1/8 cup  1 ounce  28.3 grams
 4 tablespoons  1/4 cup  2 ounces  56.7 grams
 5 1/3 tablespoons  1/3 cup  2.6 ounces  75.6 grams
 8 tablespoons  1/2 cup  4 ounces  113.4 grams
 12 tablespoons  3/4 cup  6 ounces  .375 pound
 32 tablespoons  2 cups  16 ounces  1 pound
Volume (Liquid) 
American Standard   (Cups & Quarts ) American Standard (Ounces) Metric (Milliliters & Liters)
2 tbsp  1 fl. oz. 30 ml
1/4 cup 2 fl. oz. 60 ml
1/2 cup 4 fl. oz. 125 ml
1 cup 8 fl. oz.  250 ml
1 1/2 cups 12 fl. oz. 375 ml
2 cups or 1 pint 16 fl. oz. 500 ml
4 cups or 1 quart 32 fl. oz. 1000 ml or 1 liter
1 gallon 128 fl. oz. 4 liters

Volume (Dry)

American Standard Metric
1/8 teaspoon .5 ml
1/4 teaspoon 1 ml
1/2 teaspoon 2 ml
3/4 teaspoon 4 ml
1 teaspoon 5 ml
1 tablespoon 15 ml
1/4 cup 59 ml
1/3 cup 79 ml
1/2 cup 118 ml
2/3 cup 158 ml
3/4 cup 177 ml
1 cup 225 ml 
2 cups or 1 pint 450 ml
3 cups 675 ml
4 cups or 1 quart 1 liter
1/2 gallon 2 liters
1 gallon 4 liters

U.S. TO METRIC CONVERSIONS
(LIQUID)

1 teaspoon = 4.929 ml (milliliters)
1 tablespoon = 14.787 ml
1 dram = 3.6967 ml
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 ml
1 cup = 236.59 ml
1 cup = 2.366 deciliters
1 cup = 0.2366 liters
1 gill = 118.294 ml
1 gill = 1.18294 deciliters
1 gill = 0.118294 liters
1 pint = 473.1765 ml
1 pint = 4.731765 deciliters
1 pint = 0.4731765 liters
1 quart = 9.4635 deciliters
1 quart = 0.94635 liters
1 gallon = 37.854 deciliters
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters
1 firkin = 34.069 liters
1 hogshead = 238.48 liters

(DRY)

1 pint = 0.551 liters
1 quart = 1.101 liters
1 peck = 8.81 liters
1 bushel = 35.25 liters

(WEIGHT)

1 ounce = 28.35 grams
1 pound = 453.59 grams
1 pound = 0.454 kg

METRIC TO U.S. CONVERSIONS
(LIQUID)

1 ml = 0.033814 fluid ounces
1 ml = 0.061024 cubic inches
1 ml = 0.2029 teaspoons
1 ml = 0.0676 tablespoons
1 deciliter = 3.3814 fluid ounces
1 deciliter = 6.1024 cubic inches
1 deciliter = 20.29 teaspoons
1 deciliter = 6.76 tablespoons
1 deciliter = 27.05 drams
1 deciliter = 0.423 cups
1 deciliter = 0.845 gills
1 deciliter = 0.21134 pints
1 deciliter = 0.10567 quarts
1 liter = 33.814 fluid ounces
1 liter = 61.024 cubic inches
1 liter = 67.6 tablespoons
1 liter = 270.5 drams
1 liter = 4.23 cups
1 liter = 8.45 gills
1 liter = 2.1134 pints
1 liter = 1.0567 quarts
1 liter = 0.26417 gallons
1 liter = 0.029353 firkins

(DRY)

1 liter = 1.8162 pints
1 liter = 0.9081 quarts

(WEIGHTS)

1 gram = 0.035274 ounces
1 gram = 0.0022046 pounds
1 kg = 35.274 ounces
1 kg = 2.2046 pounds

(LENGTH)

1 millimeter = 0.03937 inches
1 cm = 0.3937 inches
1 meter = 39.37 inches
1 meter = 3.281 feet
1 meter = 1.0936 yards

Butter

 a cup of butter weighs 8 ounces

1 ounce = 28.34 grams, so

1 cup of butter weighs 227 grams.

1/4 cup of butter = 57 g
1/3 cup of butter = 76 g
1/2 cup of butter = 113 g

Butter to olive oil conversion

Butter/butterrine

Oliveolive oil

U.S. units

metric

U.S.customary units

metric

1 teaspoon

5 ml

3/4 teaspoon

4ml

1 tablespoon

15 ml

2 1/4 teaspoons

11ml

1/4 cup

60 ml

3 tablespoons

44ml

1/3 cup

78 ml

1/4 cup

44ml

1/2 cup

118 ml

1/4 cup + 2 tablespoons

89ml

2/3 cup

156 ml

1/2 cup

118ml

3/4 cup

177ml

1/2 cup + 1 tablespoon

132ml

1 cup

237 ml

3/4 cup

177ml


Dry Goods

All-Purpose Flour and Confectioners’ Sugar

Cups  Grams  Ounces
 1/8 cup
(2 Tablespoons)
 16 g  .563 oz
 1/4 cup  32 g  1.13 oz
 1/3 cup  43 g  1.5 oz
 1/2 cup  64 g  2.25 oz
 2/3 cup  85 g  3 oz
 3/4 cup  96 g  3.38 oz
 1 cup  128 g  4.5 oz

Bread Flour

 Cups  Grams  Ounces
1/4 cup  34 g  1.2 oz
1/3 cup  45 g  1.6 oz
1/2 cup  68 g  2.4 oz
1 cup  136 g  4.8 oz

Rolled Oats

 Cups  Grams  Ounces
 1/4 c  21 g  .75 oz
 1/3 c  28 g  1 oz
 1/2 c  43 g  1.5 oz
 1 c  85 g  3 oz

White Sugar (Granulated)

 Cups  Grams  Ounces
 2 Tbsp  25 g  .89 oz
 1/4 cup  50 g  1.78 oz
 1/3 cup  67 g  2.37 oz
 1/2 cup  100 g  3.55 oz
 2/3 cup  134 g  4.73 oz
 3/4 cup  150 g  5.3 oz
 1 cup  201 g  7.1 oz

Packed Brown Sugar

 Cups  Grams  Ounces
 1/4 c  55 g  1.9 oz
 1/3 c  73 g  2.58 oz
 1/2 c  110 g  3.88 oz
 1 c  220 g  7.75 oz

Honey, Molasses & Syrup

 Cups  Grams  Ounces
 2 Tbsp  43 g  1.5 oz
 1/4 c  85 g  3 oz
 1/3 c  113 g  4 oz
 1/2 c  170 g  6 oz
 2/3 c  227 g  8 oz
 3/4 c  255 g  9 oz
 1 c  340 g  12 oz

Volume-to-weight conversions http://chocolateandzucchini.com/

Note: Since the volume measurement of an ingredient depends on how you pack the measuring cup/spoon and on the ingredient itself (how it is cut, its density, its water content), the volume-to-weight conversions are not absolute: they are simply a reflection of my own experience.

Dairy
Butter: 1/2 cup = 1 stick = 4 ounces = 113 grams
Butter: 1 tablespoon = 14 grams
Comté cheese, grated: 1 cup = 100 grams
Crème fraîche: 1 cup = 240 grams
Fresh cheese: 1 cup = 240 grams
Greek-style yogurt: 1 cup = 280 grams
Gruyère cheese, grated: 1 cup = 100 grams
Heavy cream: 1 cup = 240 grams
Light cream: 1 cup = 240 grams
Milk: 1 cup = 240 mL
Parmesan cheese, grated: 1 cup = 110 grams
Ricotta: 1 cup = 250 grams
Yogurt: 1 cup = 250 grams

Nuts etc.
Almonds, shelled, whole, blanched: 1 cup = 125 grams
Almonds, sliced: 1 cup = 70 grams
Almond meal (a.k.a. ground almonds): 1 cup = 100 grams
Almond butter/purée: 1 cup = 240 grams
Cashews, shelled, whole: 1 cup = 130 grams
Chestnuts, shelled, cooked: 1 cup = 130 grams
Hazelnuts, shelled, whole: 1 cup = 120 grams
Macadamia nuts, shelled, whole: 1 cup = 125 grams
Nut butter: 1 cup = 240 grams
Pistachios: 1 cup = 125 grams
Poppy seeds: 1 cup = 145 grams
Walnuts, shelled, halves: 1 cup = 100 grams

Baking
Agave syrup: 1/3 cup = 100 grams
Baking powder (levure chimique or alsacienne): 1 standard French sachet = 11 grams = 1 tablespoon
Cacao nibs: 1 cup = 120 grams
Chocolate chips: 1 cup = 160 grams
Cocoa powder: 1 cup = 120 grams
Honey: 1 cup = 300 grams
Honey: 1 tablespoon = 18 grams
Salt, fine: 1 teaspoon = 5 grams
Salt, coarse: 1 cup = 220 grams
Sugar, brown: 1 cup (packed) = 170 grams
Sugar, confectioner’s: 1 cup = 130 grams
Sugar, granulated: 1 cup = 200 grams
Sugar, granulated: 1 tablespoon = 12.5 grams
Molasses: 1 cup = 280 grams

Flour, grains, etc.
Bulgur: 1 cup = 190 grams
Chickpeas (dried, raw): 1 cup = 190 grams (= 475 grams when cooked)
Cornmeal: 1 cup = 165 grams
Couscous: 1 cup = 165 grams
Dried beans: 1 cup = 180 grams
Elbow macaroni: 1 cup = 150 grams
Flour, all-purpose or whole wheat: 1 cup = 120 grams
Pearl tapioca: 1 cup = 180 grams
Polenta: 1 cup = 160 grams
Quinoa: 1 cup = 190 grams
Rice, basmati: 1 cup = 180 grams
Rice, short-grain: 1 cup = 195 grams
Rolled oats: 1 cup = 100 grams

Fruits, vegetables, herbs
Baby spinach leaves: 1 cup (packed) = 30 grams
Basil: 1 cup (packed) = 20 grams
Blueberries: 1 cup = 190 grams
Carrots, grated: 1 cup (loosely packed) = 90 grams
Fava beans, shelled: 1 cup = 120 grams
Green peas, shelled: 1 cup = 145 grams
Hibiscus flowers, dried, semi-crushed, lightly packed: 1 cup = 40 grams
Mâche: 1 cup (packed) = 20 grams
Raisins: 1 cup = 150 grams
Raspberries: 1 cup = 125 grams
Rocket: 1 cup (packed) = 25 grams
Strawberries: 1 cup (small strawberries, or large strawberries, sliced) = 125 grams
Young salad greens: 1 cup (packed) = 20 grams

Other
Agar-agar: 1 teaspoon = 2 grams
Baby shrimp, shelled, cooked: 1 cup = 100 grams
Capers: 1 cup = 120 grams
Dried bread crumbs: 1 cup = 100 grams
Hibiscus flowers: 1/3 cup = 15 grams
Oil: 1 tablespoon = 9 grams
Olives: 1 cup = 180 grams

Pans and dishes
10-inch tart or cake pan = 25-centimeter tart or cake pan
9-inch cake pan = 22-centimeter cake pan
4-inch tartlet mold = 10-centimeter tartlet mold
9-by-13-inches baking dish = 22-by-33-centimeter baking dish
8-by-8-inches baking dish = 20-by-20-centimeter baking dish
6-ounce ramekin = 180-mL ramekin
9-by-5-inches loaf pan = 23-by-12-centimeter loaf pan = 8 cups or 2 liters in capacity

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